Birds of Fiji | A Blaze of Colour

FJ
Parrots of Fiji

Birds are Fiji’s most conspicuous wildlife and are a vital component of the nation’s natural heritage. Although small in number, the avifauna abounds with exciting species. They range from the Kula, with cultural significance, to the Silktail, with special scientific interest.  Approximately one-third of Fiji’s land birds are endemic, meaning they are found nowhere else in the world. Many more spectacular birds, such as the Blue-crested Broadbill, the Yellow-breasted Musk Parrot, and the Orange Dove, are rarely seen by casual observers because they are confined to forests and are never seen in open habitats. Fortunately, there are exceptions, a good…

YouTube Video: Bird Conservation in Fiji – Searching for the Kulawai

Sandpipers and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
BRISTLE-THIGHED CURLEW (Numenius tahitiensis)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHIMBREL (Numenius phaeopus)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
FAR EASTERN CURLEW (Numenius madagascariensis)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BAR-TAILED GODWIT (Limosa lapponica)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
HUDSONIAN GODWIT (Limosa haemastica)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RUDDY TURNSTONE (Arenaria interpres)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RED KNOT (Calidris canutus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RUFF (Calidris pugnax)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SHARP-TAILED SANDPIPER (Calidris acuminata)UnknownUnknown
CURLEW SANDPIPER (Calidris ferruginea)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RED-NECKED STINT (Calidris ruficollis)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SANDERLING (Calidris alba)UnknownUnknown
PECTORAL SANDPIPER (Calidris melanotos)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
TEREK SANDPIPER (Xenus cinereus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
COMMON SANDPIPER (Actitis hypoleucos)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SOLITARY SANDPIPER (Tringa solitaria)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
GRAY-TAILED TTLER (Tringa brevipes)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WANDERING TATTLER (Tringa incana)MigrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
LESSER YELLOWLEGS (Tringa flavipes)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
VITI LEVU SNIPE (Coenocorypha miratropica)ExtirpatedViti Levu
Table: Sandpipers and allies – Order: Charadriiformes Family: Scolopacidae. Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enables multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.

Skuas and jaegers


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
SOUTH POLAR SKUA (Stercorarius maccormicki)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
POMARINE JAEGER (Stercorarius pomarinus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
PARASITIC JAEGER (Stercorarius parasiticus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
LONG-TAILED JAEGER (Stercorarius longicaudus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Skuas and jaegers – Order: Charadriiformes Family: Stercorariidae. The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and arctic regions and are long-distance migrants.

Gulls, terns, and skimmers


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
SILVER GULL (Chroicocephalus novaehollandiae)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
LAUGHING GULL (Leucophaeus atricilla)XViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
KELP GULL (Larus dominicanus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BROWN NODDY (Anous stolidus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLACK NODDY (Anous minutus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLUE-GRAY NODDY (Anous ceruleus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE TERN (Gygis alba)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SOOTY TERN (Onychoprion fuscatus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
GRAY-BACKED TERN (Onychoprion lunatus)UnknownUnknown
BRIDLED TERN (Onychoprion anaethetus)UnknownUnknown
LITTLE TERN (Sternula albifrons)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-WINGED TERN (Chlidonias leucopterus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLACK-NAPED TERN (Sterna sumatran)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
COMMON TERN (Sterna hirundo)Passage migrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
GREAT CRESTED TERN (Thalasseus bergii)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Gulls, terns, and skimmers – Order: Charadriiformes Family: Laridae. Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds, the gulls, terns, and skimmers. Gulls are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. Terns are a group of generally medium to large seabirds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species known to live in excess of 30 years

Tropicbirds


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
WHITE-TAILED TROPICBIRD (Phaethon lepturus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RED-TAILED TROPICBIRD (Phaethon rubricauda)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Tropicbirds – Order: Phaethontiformes Family: Phaethontidae. Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings.

Albatrosses


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
BLACK-BROWED ALBATROSS (Thalassarche melanophris)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WANDERING ALBATROSS (Diomedea exulans)UnknownUnknown
Table: Albatrosses – Order: Procellariiformes Family: Diomedeidae. The albatrosses are among the largest flying birds, and the great albatrosses from the genus Diomedea have the largest wingspans of any extant bird.

Southern storm-petrels


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
WILSON’S STORM PETREL (Oceanites oceanicus)Passage migrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-FACED STORM-PETREL (Pelagodroma marina)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-BELLIED STORM-PETREL (Fregetta grallaria)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
NEW ZEALAND STORM-PETREL (Fregetta maoriana)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLACK-BELLIED STORM-PETREL (Fregetta tropica)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
POLYNESIAN STORM-PETREL (Nesofregatta fuliginosa)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Southern storm-petrels – Order: Procellariiformes Family: Oceanitidae. The southern storm petrels are relatives of the petrels and are the smallest seabirds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like.

Northern storm-petrels


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
LEACH’S STORM-PETREL (Hydrobates leucorhous)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
MATSUDAIRA’S STORM-PETREL (Hydrobates matsudairae)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Northern storm-petrels – Order: Procellariiformes Family: Hydrobatidae. Though the members of this family are similar in many respects to the southern storm-petrels, including their general appearance and habits, there are enough genetic differences to warrant their placement in a separate family.

Shearwaters and petrels


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
SOUTHERN GIANT-PETREL (Macronectes giganteus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
CAPE PETREL (Daption capense)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
GRAY-FACED PETREL (Pterodroma gouldi)UnknownUnknown
KERMADEC PETREL (Pterodroma neglecta)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
HERALD PETREL (Pterodroma heraldica)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
MURPHY’S PETREL (Pterodroma ultima)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
PROVIDENCE PETREL (Pterodroma solandri)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
MOTTLED PETREL (Pterodroma inexpectata)Passage migrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-NECKED PETREL (Pterodroma cervicalis)UnknownUnknown
BLACK-WINGED PETREL ((Pterodroma nigripennis)UnknownUnknown
GOULD’S PETREL (Pterodroma leucoptera)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
COLLARED PETREL (Pterodroma brevipes)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
PHOENIX PETREL (Pterodroma alba)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
FIJI PETREL (Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi)BreederLomaiviti
TAHITI PETREL (Pseudobulweria rostrata)BreederTaveuni – Lomaiviti
PARKINSON’S PETREL (Procellaria parkinsoni).VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
FLESH-FOOTED SHEARWATER (Ardenna carneipes)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WEDGE-TAILED SHEARWATER (Ardenna pacifica)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BULLER’S SHEARWATER (Ardenna bulleri)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SOOTY SHEARWATER (Ardenna grisea)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
SHORT-TAILED SHEARWATER (Ardenna tenuirostris)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
CHRISTMAS SHEARWATER (Puffinus nativitatis)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
NEWELL’S SHEARWATER (Puffinus newelli)UnknownUnknown
TROPICAL SHEARWATER (Puffinus bailloni)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Shearwaters and petrels – Order: Procellariiformes Family: Procellariidae. The procellariids are the main group of medium-sized “true petrels”, characterized by united nostrils with a medium septum and a long outer functional primary.

Frigatebirds


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
GREAT FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata minor)UnknownViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
LESSER FRIGATEBIRD (Fregata ariel)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Frigatebirds – Order: Suliformes Family: Fregatidae. Frigatebirds are large seabirds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black-and-white or completely black, with long wings and deeply forked tails. The males have coloured inflatable throat pouches. They do not swim or walk and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan-to-body-weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week.

Boobies and gannets


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
MASKED BOOBY (Sula dactylatra)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BROWN BOOBY (Sula leucogaster)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
RED-FOOTED BOOBY (Sula sula)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Boobies and gannets – Order: Suliformes Family: Sulidae. The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups are medium to large coastal seabirds that plunge-dive for fish.

Pelicans


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
AUSTRALIAN PELICAN (Pelecanus conspicillatus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Pelicans – Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Pelecanidae. Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes.

Herons, egrets, and bitterns


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
GREAT EGRET (Ardea alba)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-FACED HERON (Egretta novaehollandiae)BreederViti Levu
PACIFIC REEF-EGRET (Egretta sacra)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
CATTLE EGRET (Bubulcus ibis)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
STRIATED HERON (Butorides striata) Fiji’s Mangrove Heron is a shy and generally inconspicuous species. It is restricted to the presence of large stands of mangrove. In their vicinity the Heron may venture out onto adjacent mud flats and fringing reefs where it may be seen in its characteristic hunched-up posture, staying motionless for long periods as it waits for prey to venture close to it before striking with great rapidity. The Mangrove Heron builds a quite bulky nest, several metres above the water, deep in mangrove forests.BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Herons, egrets, and bitterns – Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Ardeidae. The family Ardeidae contains bitterns, herons, and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter-necked and warier. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises and spoonbills

Ibises and spoonbills


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
GLOSSY IBIS (Plegadis falcinellus)VagrantViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Ibises and spoonbills – Order: Pelecaniformes Family: Threskiornithidae. Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers.

Hawks, eagles, and kites


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
SWAMP HARRIER (Circus approximans)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
FIJI GOSHAWK (Accipiter rufitorques) – Fiji Goshawk (Accipiter rufitorques) – The Fiji Goshawk is one of Fiji’s special birds. It is a well-known and handsome bird of prey which is found nowhere else in the world. Fortunately the Goshawk is a common species and found throughout Fiji, except in the Southern Lau Group. It can be observed even in urban areas where it helps to keep down the population of Mynah birds.BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Hawks, eagles, and kites – Order: Accipitriformes Family: Accipitridae. Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey, which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons and keen eyesight.

Barn-owls


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
AUSTRALASIAN GRASS-OWL (Tyto longimembris)ExtirpatedViti Levu
BARN OWL (Tyto alba) – The Barn Owl is one of the world’s most cosmopolitan birds. It is found on every continent except Antarctica and on many of the smaller oceanic islands. This nocturnal bird of prey is found on all but the smallest islands in Fiji. It is a well known species and the subject of much local folk-lore. In Fiji Barn Owls eat rats and mice almost exclusively and in this manner do much good. During the breeding season they make a wide variety of noises, the best known being a harsh screeching while in flight.BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Barn-owls – Order: Strigiformes Family: Tytonidae. Barn owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Fiji.

Kingfishers


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
PACIFIC KINGFISHER (Todirhamphus sacer)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
SACRED KINGFISHER (Todirhamphus sanctus)UnknownUnknown
Table: Kingfishers – Order: Coraciiformes Family: Alcedinidae. Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long, pointed bills, short legs and stubby tails.

Falcons


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
PEREGRINE FALCON (Falco peregrinus) The Peregrine Falcon is one of the world’s best known species After many years of decline caused by indiscriminate use of pesticides, the Falcon is making a welcome return in many parts of the world. To many rural Fijians it is a well known species and the subject of folk-lore and mythology. Fiji’s Peregrines are restricted to nesting sites on large cliffs. The stoop of the Peregrine Falcon, as it descends on its intended victim, is believed to be the fastest speed attained by any bird.BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Falcons – Order: Falconiformes Family: Falconidae. Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.

Old World Parrots

Fiji’s parrots were of great significance to early Fijians long before Europeans arrived with their science, taxonomy in particular because the red feathers of Fiji’s parrots were central to an almost Pacific-wide trade. In fact, red feathers were the currency of trade for many of the Pacific’s earliest inhabitants.

SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
CRIMSON SHINING-PARROT (Prosopeia splendens)Introduced, BreederViti Levu – Kadavu
RED SHINING-PARROT (Prosopeia tabuensis)BreederVanua Levu – Taveuni
MASKED SHINING-PARROT (Prosopeia personata)BreederViti Levu
RED-THROATED LORIKEET (Vini amabilis)Breeder, ExtirpatedViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni -Lomaiviti
COLLARED LORY (Vini solitarius)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
BLUE-CROWNED LORIKEET (Vini australis)BreederLau
Table: Old World Parrots – Order: Psittaciformes Family: Psittaculidae. Characteristic features of parrots include a strong curved bill, an upright stance, strong legs, and clawed zygodactyl feet. Many parrots are vividly coloured, and some are multi-coloured. In size they range from 8 cm (3.1 in) to 1 m (3.3 ft) in length. Old World parrots are found from Africa east across south and southeast Asia and Oceania to Australia and New Zealand.

Honeyeaters


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
ROTUMA MYZOMELA (Myzomela chermesina)BreederRotuma
ORANGE-BREASTED MYZOMELA (Myzomela jugularis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
KADAVU HONEYEATER (Meliphacator provocator)BreederKadavu
CHATTERING GIANT-HONEYEATER (Gymnomyza viridis)BreederVanua Levu – Taveuni
WESTERN WATTLED-HONEYEATER (Foulehaio procerior)BreederViti Levu
DUETTING GIANT-HONEYEATER (Gymnomyza brunneirostris)BreederVanua Levu
EASTERN WATTLED-HONEYEATER (Foulehaio carunculatus)BreederKadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
NORTHERN WATTLED-HONEYEATER (Foulehaio taviunensis)BreederVanua Levu – Taveuni
Table: Honeyeaters – Order: Passeriformes Family: Meliphagidae. The honeyeaters are a large and diverse family of small to medium-sized birds most common in Australia and New Guinea. They are nectar feeders and closely resemble other nectar-feeding passerines.

Cuckoo shrikes


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
POLYNESIAN TRILLER (Lalage maculosa)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Cuckooshrikes – Order: Passeriformes Family: Campephagidae. The cuckooshrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured.

Whistlers and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
FIJI WHISTLER (Pachycephala vitiensis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Whistlers and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Pachycephalidae. The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrikethrushes, and some of the pitohuis.

Woodswallows, bellmagpies, and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
FIJI WOODSWALLOW (Artamus mentalis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Lomaiviti
AUSTRALIAN MAGPIE (Gymnorhina tibicen) – The Australian Magpie was first introduced to Fiji in the 1880s to control the Coconut Stick Insect which can on occasions be a serious of coconut palms. There have been at least two and probably more separate introductions from Australia, one of which, in 1916, was organised by the Agriculture Department who charged planters £1 a pair. Some of these birds went to plantations on Taveuni, also to Vanua Levu and probably also to Viti Levu, as well as Mago, Laucala and Cicia islands, but only on Taveuni are they quite well established today. The Fijian Magpies are hybrids of the black and white backed races imported from different parts of Australia.IntroducedTaveuni
Table: Woodswallows, bellmagpies, and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Artamidae. The wood swallows are soft-plumaged, somber-colored passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. The cracticids: currawongs, bellmagpies and butcherbirds, are similar to the other corvids. They have large, straight bills and mostly black, white or grey plumage. All are omnivorous to some degree.

Fantails


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
TAVEUNI SILKTAIL (Lamprolia victoriae)BreederTaveuni
NATEWA SILKTAIL (Lamprolia klinesmithi)BreederVanua Levu
STREAKED FANTAIL (Rhipidura verreauxi)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Lomaiviti
KADAVU FANTAIL (Rhipidura personata) – The Kadavu Fantail, as its name implies, is found on Kadavu and nowhere else in the world. It is a common and characteristic bird of Kadavu’s forests where its inquisitiveness brings it out to meet any visitors in the forest. Frequently such visitors are harangued with drooping wings, a fanned tail and harsh scolding call.BreederKadavu
Table: Fantails – Order: Passeriformes Family: Rhipiduridae. The fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders.

Monarch flycatchers


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
OGEA MONARCH (Mayrornis versicolor)BreederLau
SLATY MONARCH (Mayrornis lessoni)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
FIJI SHRIKEBILL (Clytorhynchus vitiensis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLACK-THROATED SHRIKEBILL (Clytorhynchus nigrogularis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
VANIKORO FLYCATCHER (Myiagra vanikorensis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
AZURE-CRESTED FLYCATCHER (Myiagra azureocapilla)BreederTaveuni
CHESTNUT-THROATED FLYCATCHER (Myiagra castaneigularis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu
Table: Monarch flycatchers – Order: Passeriformes Family: Monarchidae. The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines which hunt by flycatching.

Australasian robins


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
PACIFIC ROBIN (Petroica pusilla)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu
Table: Australasian robins – Order: Passeriformes Family: Petroicidae. Most species of Petroicidae have a stocky build with a large rounded head, a short straight bill and rounded wingtips. They occupy a wide range of wooded habitats, from subalpine to tropical rainforest, and mangrove swamp to semi-arid scrubland. All are primarily insectivores, although a few supplement their diet with seeds.

Grassbirds and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
LONG-LEGGED THICKETBIRD (Trichocichla rufa)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu
Table: Grassbirds and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Locustellidae. Locustellidae is a family of small insectivorous songbirds found mainly in Eurasia, Africa, and the Australian region. They are smallish birds with tails that are usually long and pointed and tend to be drab brownish or buffy all over.

Swallows


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
PACIFIC SWALLOW (Hirundo tahitica)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Swallows – Order: Passeriformes Family: Hirundinidae. The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base

Bulbuls


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
RED-VENTED BULBUL (Pycnonotus cafer) – A conspicuous bird, easily recognised by the combination of its dark, almost black plumage, black erectile crest, white rump, and scarlet vent. The Red-vented ulbul is native to India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Myanmar. Because the arrival of the bulbul in the Pacific was first noticed in Fiji at the turn of the century, it is most likely to have arrived” with the indentured migrants, for it was not deliberately introduced by Fiji’s Agriculture Department. The Bulbul holds a special place in Indian literature and folklore.IntroducedViti Levu – Lomaiviti
Table: Bulbuls – Order: Passeriformes Family: Pycnonotidae. Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red, or orange vents, cheeks, throats, or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.

Bush warblers and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
FIJI BUSH WARBLER (Horornis ruficapilla)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu
Table: Bush warblers and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Scotocercidae. The members of this family are found throughout Africa, Asia, and Polynesia. Their taxonomy is in flux, and some authorities place some genera in other families

White-eyes, yuhinas, and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
LAYARD’S WHITE-EYE (Zosterops explorator)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
SILVEREYE (Zosterops lateralis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
YELLOW-FRONTED WHITE-EYE (Zosterops flavifrons)UnknownUnknown
Table: White-eyes, yuhinas, and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Zosteropidae. The white eyes are small and mostly undistinguished, their plumage above being generally some dull colour like greenish-olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests, many species have a white ring around each eye.

Starlings


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
POLYNESIAN STARLING (Aplonis tabuensis)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
EUROPEAN STARLING (Sturnus vulgaris)IntroducedLau
COMMON MYNA (Acridotheres tristis)IntroducedViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
JUNGLE MYNA (Acridotheres fuscus) – That there are two species of introduced Mynah in Fiji. The Jungle or Buffalo Mynah is best distinguished by its black plumage, the conspicuous tuft of hair­like feathers at the base of the bill and its bright yellow eye. Jungle Mynahs were introduced to Viti Levu in about 1900 to control Armyworm caterpillars, which can be a serious pest to many crops.
Today, the Jungle Mynah is found abundantly only on Viti Levu and Ovalau and their immediate offshore islands, though it avoids the ‘jungle’ and prefers pasture and open agriculture land.
IntroducedViti Levu
Table: Starlings – Order: Passeriformes Family: Sturnidae. Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. The plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen.

Thrushes and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
ISLAND THRUSH (Turdus poliocephalus)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Thrushes and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Turdidae. The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft-plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.

Waxbills and allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
RED AVADAVAT (Amandava amandava)IntroducedViti Levu – Vanua Levu
FIJI PARROTFINCH (Erythrura pealii)BreederViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu
PINK-BILLED PARROTFINCH (Erythrura kleinschmidti)BreederViti Levu
JAVA SPARROW (Padda oryzivora) – The Java Sparrow is an attractive large finch with light grey plumage and contrasting black head with white cheeks. The Java Sparrow was first recorded in Fiji in 1925 and populations are recorded as having become established on Taveuni, around Savusavu on Vanua Levu and in south-east Viti Levu. The Java Sparrow is a strictly grain-eating bird which can seriously damage cultivated rice.IntroducedViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni
Table: Waxbills and allies – Order: Passeriformes Family: Estrildidae. The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits but have a wide variation in plumage colors and patterns.

Old World sparrows


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
HOUSE SPARROW (Passer domesticus)IntroducedViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Old World sparrows – Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown, or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects. Order: Passeriformes Family: Passeridae

Megapodes


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
CONSUMED SCRUBFOWL (Megapodius alimentum)ExtirpatedLau
VITI LEVU SCRUBFOWL (Megapodius amissus)ExtirpatedViti Levu – Lau
MELANESIAN SCRUBFOWL (Megapodius eremita)UnknownUnknown
Table: Megapodes – Order: Galliformes Family: Megapodiidae. The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the malleefowl occupy jungle habitats and most have brown or black coloring.

Sylviornithids


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
NOBLE MEGAPODE (Megavitiornis altirostris)XViti Levu
Table: Sylviornithids – Order: Pangalliformes Family: Sylviornithidae. Sylviornithids are an extinct lineage of flightless birds related to modern Galliformes. They are represented by two species, one of them native to Fiji.

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
EASTERN SPOT BILLED DUCKUnknown
MALLARDViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WANDERING WHISTLING DUCKViti Levu
PACIFIC BLACK DUCKViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl

Pheasants, grouse & allies


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
BROWN QUAILViti Levu – Vanua Levu
RED JUNGLEFOWLViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WILD TURKEYViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Pheasants, grouse & allies

Pigeons and doves


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
ROCK DOVEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni
METALLIC PIGEONViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
SPOTTED DOVEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Lau
MANY COLOURED FRUIT DOVEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
ORANGE DOVEVanua Levu – Taveuni
GOLDEN DOVEViti Levu – Lomaiviti
PACIFIC IMPERIAL PIGEONLomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
PEALE’S IMPERIAL PIGEONViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
LAU IMPERIAL-PIGEONViti Levu – Lau
VITI LEVU GIANT PIGEONViti Levu
CRIMSON-CROWNED FRUIT DOVELau – Rotuma
VELVET DOVEKadavu
SHY GROUND DOVEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
Table: Pigeons and doves

Cuckoos


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
LONG TAILED KOELViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
FAN TAILED CUCKOOViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti
Table: Cuckoos

Frogmouth


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
TAWNY FROGMOUTHViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Frogmouth

Swifts


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
WHITE-THROATED NEEDLETAILViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE-RUMPED SWIFTLETViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
AUSTRALIAN SWIFTLETUnknown
Table: Swifts

Rails, gallinules, and coots


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
BUFF BANDED RAILViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
BLACK-BACKED SWAMPHENUnknown
AUSTRALASIAN SWAMPHENViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
WHITE BROWED CRAKEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
SPOTLESS CRAKEViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau
VITI LEVU RAILViti Levu
BAR-WINGED RAILUnknown
Table: Rails, gallinules, and coots

Plovers and lapwings


SpeciesTAGSRECORDED
BLACK-BELLIED PLOVERViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
PACIFIC GOLDEN-PLOVERViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
MASKED LAPWINGViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
LESSER SAND-PLOVERViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
CASPIAN PLOVERViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
DOUBLE-BANDED PLOVERViti Levu – Vanua Levu – Taveuni – Kadavu – Lomaiviti – Lau – Rotuma
Table: Plovers and lapwings
Sponsored Advertisement
Sponsored Advertisement