|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Image||Common Name||Located||Environmental - Colour||Wingspan|
|Dark Tiger - Danuas hamata||Widespread on the larger islands in Fiji||A distinctly black and white butterfly||7 cm|
|Great Eggfly - Hypolimnas bolina||Widespread across Fiji||Suburban gardens. Males and females differ considerably with the wings of females being duller and lacking the spots||10 cm|
|Fijian Emperor - Polyura caphontis||Viti Levu & Taveuni - Endemic||Tree tops usually restricted to forest and the forest margin.||7 cm|
|Autumn Leaf - Doleschallia bisaltide||Larger islands of Fiji||When its wings are closed over its back resembles an old dried up leaf. When it flies, a rich orange upper surface is revealed||7 cm|
|Fiji Swallowtail - Papilio schmeltzii|
|Long tailed Blue - Lampides boeticus|
|Monarch Butterfly Danaus plexippus|
|Meadow Argus - Precis villida|
|Jewel Beetle - Paracupta sulcata||Viti Levu, Taveuni and Vanua Balavu in the Lau Group||Damatic display of metallic green and powder yellow stripes.Whether this beetle is actually poisonous or distasteful to potential predators is not known - Rare|
|Giant Fijian Long horned Beetle - Xixuthrus heros||Endemic to Viti Levu||10 cm long excluding the antennae, which are another 7.5 cm.||Chocolate brown colour.|
|Jewel Beetle - Paracupta flaviventris|
|Weevil - Rhinoscapha lagopyga|
|Jewel Beetle - Agrilus sp|
|Jewel Beetle - Paracupta sp||metallic blue and powdery yellow stripes|
|Jewel Beetle - Cyphogastra abdominalis|
Fijian Name: Nanai
Raiateana knowlesi (was first described by Distant in as Tibicen knowlesi) is endemic to Fiji
Distribution: Known to occur from pares of the Serua and, Nadroga/ Navosa provinces on the main island of Fiji,Viti Levu.
Nanai make their appearance in countless millions.Their life above ground lasts just a few weeks, early on when the eggs are laid deep in tree branches and later on as young nymphs within the first year, before falling and burrowing into the ground for next 7 long years. On the eighth year, around the beginning of wet season it is believed, rising temperatures signals the Nanai to move upwards above ground. Millions of Nanai emerge during this season but only for one to two months at the most It is a brief and noisy invasion of the forests, but an event awaited eagerly by villagers in the Serua and Nadroga/Navosa province of Viti Levu who consider the Nanai a delicacy for gourmets.
Periodic emergence where adults emerge once every eight years. Cicadas go through an incomplete metamorphosis where immature stages called nymphs look very similar to adults but lack wings and
reproductive structures. After a series o f molts, the final mole to adulthood occurs with the expansion of wings. After mating, the female deposits hundreds of eggs in bark of twigs.V~hen the Eggs hatch, the neon ympl* drop to the ground and burrow into thesoil.
Nanai is a sought after food especially in the Navosa province where the adults are collected as they emerge from their final nymphal shells and tied together in chains and cooked.lt is usually cooked in bamboo stems b6hre it is served with coconut milk.The taste is more or less like prawns roasted over charcoal.
Nanai would shelter in trees to protect themselves from predators such as birds, mongoose and snakes. Present, scientific publications indicate that Raiateana knowlesi has only been recorded onViti Levu .The nanai is of great significance to a particular clan in the Navosa Province, where all the chiefly daughters of that particular clan are accorded the title -“Rokonai”.The word”Roko” is a chiefly title given to male and female chiefs in some parts of Fiji.The word”nai” derives from the insece”nanai” which Is a rare delicacy for this clan in the Navosa province.Also, the year of emergence of the Nanai signifies the “yabaki ni saute” i.e. year of plenty from their agricultural produce. Women also use nanai for bait when they go out fishing.
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Found||Lifespan|
|Nanai||Raiateana knowlesi||Parts of the Serua and, Nadroga/ Navosa provinces on the main island of Viti Levu||2 Weeks|
|Striped Flutterer - Rhyothemis Phylis||Flies rather like a butterfly, often gliding and slowly flapping its wings in a manner unusual for a dragonfly.|
|Grenadier. - Agrionoptera Insignis||Red and Green|
|Green Skimmer - Orthetrum Serapia||Narange Creek in Korayanitu National Park|
|Common Percher - Diplacodes bipunctata||Korayanitu National Park - yellow colouration, and the males starts yellow but change through orange and red, when they are mature|
|Hawk Moth - Macroglossum hirundo vitiensis||This moth's habit of appearing at dusk to dart from blossom to blossom has given this genus its name Hawk Moth. It can be seen feeding at male pawpaw blossoms just before full darkness. This moth's flight is extremely fast. It is widely distributed in Fiji on all islands.|
|Hawk Moth - Gnathothlibus erotus eras||This is a heavy looking moth with a wingspan of up to 90mm. Both male and female look the same. Its red sienna fore wings and bright yellow hind wings make it a very beautiful species. The food plants of the larva are Morinda citrifolia, Pentas lanceolata and Ipomoea alba.|
|Silver striped Hawk moth - Hippotion celerio||One of Fiji's most common Hawk moths and indeed the whole world. Its larva is the common Horn Worm and is a major pest of 'dalo' (Colocasia esculenta) and tobacco plants. It also attacks sweet potatoes and other plants. This moth has a wingspan of 60 - 80mm and a body length of about 40mm. The mature larva is some 80mm in length, is bright green with a black tail horn, and will have large eyespots on either side of the first abdominal segment and two smaller yellow spots on the following segment.|
|Hawk Moth - Psilogramma jordana||This species is a real beauty of which both male and female are very similar. However, the males are usually larger than the females and sometimes more densely patterned with a deep chocolate colour. The characteristic creamy white colours of both male and female of this species is unusual. This is a relatively large Hawk moth with an average wingspan of 130mm. Something unique and interesting about this species is that it makes a squeaking sound when disturbed.|
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Common Name||Scientific Name|
|Coconut Stick Insect - Mimimata||The coconut stick insect is the most common stick insect in Fiji, and is unusual among stick insects in having wings, though they are very small and not particularly useful for flying. Females are bright green and about 7 inches (17cm) long, while males are light brown and rather smaller. They spend their lives attached to the rough underside of coconut leaflets.|
|Ucikau - Phasmid Cotylosoma dipneusticum||The Fijian stick insect is unique to Fiji, and has a ferocious appearance, with rows of vicious-looking thorn-like projections along the sides of its brown blotchy body and legs.|
|Ucidrau - Phasmid Chitoniscus feejeeanus||The leaf insect is very rare in Fiji, which is at the eastern extremity of its range, They are small – up to 4 inches (10cm) at most – and the body mimics green leaves in shape and colour, down to the presence of veins.|
|Ucikau Walking Stick - Hermarchus apollonius||The Giant stick insect is one of Fiji’s largest insects, attaining a length of 12 inches (25cm), particularly fond of guava trees.|