Plants of Fiji (Flora)

Traditional Perfume Flowers of Fiji
Mokosoi Cananga odorata Uci Euodia hortensis
Voivoi Pandanus Tecorius Yasi Santalum Yasi
Fiji Endangered Flora
Cycad Cycas seemannii Fiji Magnolia – Degeneria vitiensis
Fijian Acmopyle Acmopyle sahniana Lau Fan Palm Pritchardia thurstonii

Ferns of Fiji

Ferns and Fern Allies are amongst the most abundant primitive group is of vascular plants, pre-dating the ages of the dinosaurs. They have successfully diversified and continue to persist and inhabit any relatively wet areas of any forest system on both continental landmass and island complexes.

Fiji Islands has 301 species of ferns represented in 27 as with 90 genera.The majority (66%) of species are native 30% endemic.The remaining 4% are exotic and most were introduced as ornamental.

As those listed below are few of the more common and widely distributed native fern species of Fiji.

Balabala is the generic term for all tree that occur in Fiji. Cyothea lunulata is one of the nine species in the genus s typically common and indicative highly disturbed forest system, paticularly that of a rainforest. On occasions, this terrestrial tree fern can up to 20m tall but it is often observed at heights between 8-1 Om.With its tri-pinnate fronds growing up in length and its greenish to black primary branch that maybe smooth or rough with copious scales that is pale and thin with marginal hair like growth, this species can readily be observed from any coastal front to the upland rest system. Its medicinal properties are also well known amongst the people of Beqa as it apparently is a popular remedy alleviating sore throats. Locals also use the trunk scales to billows and cushions in addition to its use in buildings and flower pots.The distribution range of this species includes Solomon Islands to Vanuatu, New Caledonia,Tonga, Samoa be Caroline and Mariana Islands.

Locally known as the “bird’s nest”, this as is common and is widely outed in all forested areas. Of the species that are found in Fiji, A australasicum is first and foremost perhaps familiar to most because of its rosette of spreading fronds that facilitates the trapping and decomposition of humus from plants in the upper canopy. So together with its mass of roots form an effective water holding sponge for many micro-organisms. Interestingly enough a native species of earthworm and even a skink is known to live in this mass. In either its epiphytic or terrestrial growth forms, this species flourishes well in any light exposed area.

Known to locals generally as ota or more specifically lalabe, D. proliferum is a large terrestrial fern. It is usually found along or near stream banks but never in very shaded areas. Of the seven species occurring in Fiji, D. proliferum is distinct in that the fronds is simply pinnate with spiny stipe and veins with at least the basal pair united. D. proliferum is unique in the degree of lobbing of its pinnae is quite variable. Amongst the locals, the young frond of this species is a well known local vegetable delicacy.This species is also known to occur in Samoa, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, New Guinea,Australia,Asia and Africa.

A scandent ground fern common in lowland areas locally known as diqidiqi. Of the 4 species occurring in Fiji, it is the only species with an epiphytic and terrestrial form. As an epiphyte, it is recognized by its dark green pendant fronds on tree trunks but in its terrestrial form, the erect fronds have a yellow green shade with relatively wider pinnae. In any case, this species is distinguishable by its scaly roots and 5 fronds that grow up to 1 m long and 20cm wide but more notably, that the sori occurs at much closer proximity to the rachis than all the other 3 species. Traditionally, it has been singled out that the infusion of its leaves with that of kalabuci (Acalypha spp.) eases delivery during pregnancy.This species is widely distributed throughout the tropics.

Ferns of Fiji
Balabala-Cyathea-lunulata Birds Nest -Asplenium australasicum
Diqidiqi-Nephrolepis-biserrata Lalabe-Diplazium-proliferum
Indigenous Orchids
Dendrobium-catillare Dendrobium-mohlianum
Glomera-montana Liparis-layardii
Calanthe Ventilabrum Dendrobium Macrophyllum
Dendrobium Prasinum Dendrobium Tokai
Dendrobium Biflorum Dendrobium Dactylodes
Dendrobium Macropus Spathoglottis Pacifica
Flowers
Drividrivi Pseuderanthemum laxiflorum Qaiqai Elaeocarpus storkii
Vesida Storklella vitiensis Vuga-Paphia-vitiensis
Degeneria-roseiflora | Native flowers Degeneria-vitiensis | Native flowers
Dendrobium-cattilare | Native flowersDendrobium-mohlianum | Native flowers
Hibiscus Hibiscus | Rosa Sinensis | Hibiscus and Similar Flowers Mulomulo Thespesia Populnea | Hibiscus and Similar Flowers
Okra Abelmoschus Esculentus | Hibiscus and Similar Flowers Vau Hibiscus Tiliaceus | Hibiscus and Similar Flowers
Kura Morinda citrifolia | Medicinal Plants Lauwere Ipomoea pes caprae ssp brasiliensis | Medicinal Plants
Tokatolu Vigna marina | Medicinal PlantsVerevere Clerodendrium | Medicinal Plants
Vevedu Scaevola sericea | Medicinal Plants Frangipani Plumeria rubra bud | Frangipani Flowers of Fiji
Frangipani Plumeria rubra f lutea | Frangipani Flowers of Fiji Frangipani Plumeria rubra f rubra | Frangipani Flowers of Fiji
Plumeria obtusa Plumeria rubra f acutifolia | Frangipani Flowers of Fiji Tagimoucia Flower
Nawanawa Cordia SubcordataRosawa Gmelina Vitiensis
Saburo Amylotheca InsularumWarerega Carruthersia Scandens
Trees
Dakua-Makadre-Agathis-vitiensis Dakua-Salusalu-Decussocarpus-vitiensis
Yaka-Dacrydium-nidulum Yasi-Santalum-yasi
Pomegranate | Punica Granatum
Endemic Palm of Fiji
Balaka Palm Balaka seemaunii Alsmithia Longipe
Mangroves of Fiji
Fungi
Dacryopinax Spathularia Lentinus Squarrosulus
Phillipsia Domingensis Podoscypha Involuta
Scleroderma Flavidum
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