History & Culture Of Fiji

Seven timeless reasons to savor Fiji’s proud past…

  1. Fiji’s rich cultural heritage
  2. Unique and accessible sites
  3. Ancient rituals, myths, and legends
  4. Cosmopolitan cities and towns
  5. Historic stroll through the timeworn cities of Levuku and Suva
  6. Diversity of people
  7. The charm of Fiji Time

The Fiji Islands are an interesting blend of various cultures, namely Melanesian, Polynesian, Indian, European and Chinese. This mix is reflected in the food, the language, and the architecture.

Colonial Levuka, the old European trader settlement and Fiji’s former capital, has been officially designated a historic town. A number of buildings date from its boom period in the late 19th century and the main streetscape is surprisingly intact, giving the impression of a town that has stopped in time.

Likewise, Suva’s British influence is reflected in its many colonial buildings, including the Government House, the Suva City Library, and the Grand Pacific Hotel.

Many features of Fiji’s richly diversified past were suppressed with the old religion in the mid to late 19th century. Pre-Christian costumes, hairstyles, and body decoration are far removed from today’s conservative dress style.

On the contrary, the chiefly system and village structure have remained mostly intact, partly due to laws protecting Fijian land rights and prohibiting Fijian labour on the cotton and sugar plantations.

Today as a visitor, observe time-honored traditions explore ancient relics, experience well-preserved cultures, and share in past legends as they are retold around the kava bowl

Levuka, The Old Capital

Just a short trip takes you back a long way in time. Levuka, the romantic old capital on the island of Ovalau, has maintained its old-world charm and remained virtually unchanged since the turn of the century. Levuka is now the last bastion of the old pacific where time has stood still and the ghosts of yesteryears sing their songs.

There was a time in the 1840s when certain towns in the South Pacific were known for the wildlife of their inhabitants – Papeete in Tahiti, Nuku’alofa in Tonga, and Lahaina in Hawaii. Rusell in the bay of Islands, New Zealand, and Levuka in Fiji. These were the favorite haunts of beachcombers, whalers, blackbirders, adventurers, runaway convicts, and speculators of all kinds. They were places for the quick and the dead. All of them have since been overcome by civilization and progress which has seen the quaintness of the original buildings and the resonance of the past give away to new developments… all except Levuka.

Levuka owes its unique status to an accident in history. Its original settlement by European beachcombers at the turn of the century in 1800 depended on its central location between the major islands of Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. It was also in close proximity to the dominant political power of the island of Bau, where the principal chief, Ratu Seru Cakobau, encouraged European settlement.

But its main advantage lay in the ability of sailing ships to enter and leave port easily, on account of Levuka’s position relative to the prevailing trade winds. By the 1840s Levuka was the de facto capital of Fiji. It was the center of trade and political intrigue with a growing European population. Beache de mer ships would enter and leave Fiji through its port, trade ships on turtle and pearl shells, coconut oil, corn, tea and coffee, trochus shell, pearl buttons, and cotton which boomed during the American civil war of the 1860s and copra which were being cultivated by settlers.

The possibility of British annexation in the 1850s attracted more settlers bringing with them a degree of respectability to Levuka to offset its wild debaucheries. Many were to leave, Britiandeclined to accept cession and Levuka continued its wild brawling ways.

It was not until 1874 when Fiji became a British Colony that Levuka became respectable and peace prevailed. The Deed of cession was signed by leading Fijian Chiefs at Nasova. Levuka became the official capital of the new colony.

Levuka thrived but this was also it’s undoing. Confined to a narrow coastal strip offering no room for expansion, it proved unsuitable to remain as the capital and the administration moved to Suva on the main island of Viti Levu.

Thus the shops, schools, churches, and residences left behind when the Government moved, have remained largely unchanged and Beach Street is as quaint today as it was a century ago.

There is much to see and do in Levuka with flights and boat service.


  • Nasova, the residence of Fiji’s first governor, Sir Arthur Gordon
  • The Wharves and tuna cannery, the lifeblood of Levuka’s economy
  • Beach Street begins at the cannery, sweeping in an arc of the turn-of-the-century shopfronts with residences perched on the terraces above them. A stroll down Beach Street also takes you into narrow side streets which lead to historic sites – the Ovalau Club, the Municipal Chambers, Levuka public school, and the Royal Hotel.
  • The Morris Hedstrom Building (now a museum)
  • The War Memorial – the site of Fiji’s procession parliament
  • Levuka Village which is part of the town.

Guided tours around Levuka will allow you to meet local people in their homes for tea and talenoa sessions )old and new stories of the town)

Suva The New Capital

Suva was declared the Captial City in 1882. Fiji’s capital and the largest city of the South Pacific Nations, Suva sprawls over ten square over on a rugged peninsula in the southern corner of Viti Levu. The downtown area features modern shops, market restaurants, and numerous night spots which spring to life a few hours after the sun has set. The bustling, winding, narrow streets which climb the mountainside behind the downtown area are lined with small shops crammed with merchandise. In Suva, you will also find some of the finest examples of Pacific Colonial architecture in existence. Suva has Fiji’s largest market, what would be called a Farmer’s market in many countries, where villagers bring their produce for sale. Nearby is the Bus Depot, where a few cents you can board a bus and tour any area of the city, including the residential areas and suburbs.

Roman Carbolic Sacred Heart Cathedral (built in 1902)
Pratt Street is where the first land sales by auction of Suva took place under an Ivi Tree. The records of these sales are in a stone monument in the triangle (Corner of Thomson Street and Renwick Road)
Suva Handicaft Markets
Aviator Charles Kingsford Smith landed in Albert Part on june 6th 1928 on his trans Pacific flight form the US to Australia.
Former Parlament Complext and Goverment Buidlings (1939 and 1967).
Grand Pacific Hotel (built in 1914)
Thurston Gardens (1913). The Botanical gardens are named after the famous botanist Sir John Bates Thurston
The Fiji Museum exhibits a rich display of Fiji’s historical artifacts and from around the Pacific. Next to the entrance stands the Botanic Garden Clock Tower built in 1928
University of the South Pacific – was the former site of RNZAF base and seaplane base at Suva point. The Laucala campus was established in 1967 looking after the 12 regional countries (including Fiji)

Sigatoka Sand Dunes

The Historical Lapita People played an important role in Fiji’s early history. Proof of their existence has been found in the form of pottery fragments and human skeletons, buried in the Sigatoka Sand Dunes. Good trekking opportunities, great views, and nearby offshore surf breaks. This is the sight of Fiji’s first national heritage park. Covering 650 hectares it is an important archaeological and ecological area,

Viseisei Village in Vuda is known as the birthplace of Fijians. Legends have it that the Fijian chiefly voyager named Degei is said to have ruled over the creedal village. In those traditions, a great canoe named the Kaunitoni, carrying the god chiefs, Latunasobasoba and Degei sailed from the ancient homeland and landed on the northwest coast of Viti Levu. The chiefs built their first village at Viseisei but abandoned it moving inland along a mountainous ridge that stretches from Vuda to Nakauvadra.

Tavuni Hill Fort

Built in 1788 by a clan of Tongans (led by Chief Maile Laternai) as a defensive fortification the site has been restored and is well maintained. It boasts original grave sites, terraced barricades, ceremonial groups, and even a head-chopping stone from days long ago. The site is equally renowned for its enormous beautiful trees and spectacular views.

Momo Gun Site

Nestled among the sugar cane fields of Momi lies a remnant of World War 2 to ward off possible Japanese attack, the site remains relatively intact, and accessible as and a monument that is well worth the visit.

Bau Island

Home of Ratu Cakobau, the high chief of Fiji (King of Fiji)

50th Ann. of the End of WWII

Corporal Sukanaivalu and Victoria Cross
Fijian Regiment
HMS Fiji
Kameli Airstrip
Reverse of 1939 45 War Medal
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Optio, neque qui velit. Magni dolorum quidem ipsam eligendi, totam, facilis laudantium cum accusamus ullam voluptatibus commodi numquam, error, est. Ea, consequatur.
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Optio, neque qui velit. Magni dolorum quidem ipsam eligendi, totam, facilis laudantium cum accusamus ullam voluptatibus commodi numquam, error, est. Ea, consequatur.