This is the capacity and knowledge acquired by governments, professional response and recovery groups, communities, and people to successfully anticipate, respond to, and recover from the effects of foreseeable, imminent, or existing hazard events or situations.

Preparedness action is carried out as part of disaster risk management and attempts to establish the capacities required to effectively manage all types of catastrophes and accomplish orderly transitions from response to long-term recovery. Preparedness includes activities such as contingency planning, stockpiling of equipment and supplies, developing arrangements for coordination, evacuation, and public information, as well as associated training and field exercises, and is based on a sound analysis of disaster risks and good linkages with early warning systems. These must be backed up by formal institutional, legal, and financial resources. The phrase “readiness” refers to the ability to respond promptly and appropriately when needed.


  • HG (2020, February 22). Common Terminologies (A-z) Of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management. Humanitarian Global. Retrieved December 6, 2023, from Link


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