Structural and Non-Structural Measures


Structural measures: Any physical structure or application of engineering techniques to achieve hazard resistance and resilience in structures or systems in order to limit or eliminate the potential impacts of hazards. Dams, flood levies, ocean wave barriers, earthquake-resistant structures, and evacuation shelters are all common structural techniques for disaster risk reduction.

Non-structural measures: Any measure that does not involve physical construction and relies on knowledge, practice, or agreement to decrease risks and impacts, such as rules and legislation, public awareness, training, and education. Building rules, land use planning laws and their enforcement, research and assessment, information resources, and public awareness programs are all examples of non-structural approaches.

It’s worth noting that in civil and structural engineering, the term “structural” refers only to the load-bearing structure, with non-structural components such as wall covering and interior fittings.


  • HG (2020, February 22). Common Terminologies (A-z) Of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management. Humanitarian Global. Retrieved December 6, 2023, from Link


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