Vulnerability refers to the community’s, system’s, or asset’s features and circumstances that make it susceptible to a hazard’s detrimental impacts. Vulnerability can take numerous forms, resulting from a variety of physical, social, economic, and environmental factors. Poor building design and construction, insufficient asset protection, a lack of public education and awareness, limited official acknowledgment of dangers and preparedness measures, and a disdain for sound environmental management are just a few examples.

Vulnerability varies dramatically within and across communities, as well as across time. Vulnerability is defined as a property of an element of interest (community, system, or asset) that is independent of its exposure. However, in everyday usage, the term is frequently used to refer to the element’s exposure.


  • HG (2020, February 22). Common Terminologies (A-z) Of Disaster Risk Reduction & Management. Humanitarian Global. Retrieved December 6, 2023, from Link